Wednesday, March 11, 2015

Dry land farming is to be promoted in drought affected Dasilnaikanoor.


Dry land of Dasilnaickanoor

SG/OFI-SEVAI has undertaken promotion of agriculture in the dry land area of Dasilnaikanoor area. Due shortage of rainfall less than average rain fall the check dam and percolation tank are empty in several villages of Thogamalai area of Karur District. The water recharge to wells also goes deep and irrigation with water irrigation becomes very difficult in these villages.Dasilnaciknor is one such village in this region where the people are to depend on rain fed agriculture. But they had to face consecutive drought for three years and now the cultivated area by wells and rain fed area becomes very little than before. The agriculture in this region is traditionally a system of Rainfed farming. Considering the present rate of development of irrigation facilities and also
Bore wells making for water for dry land crops
water potentiality of this region, express estimate that at any point of time 50% of cropped area will remain under Rain fed farming system. Due to poor level of management, crop productivity is also very low resulting in socio - economic backwardness of the people. K.Devendran,the SG/OFI-SEVAI Project coordinator K.Devendran spoke to the dry land farmers SEVAI Centre at Dasilnaickanoor and he further added that Dry lands which receive an annual rainfall of 750 mm or less and there is no irrigation facility for raising crops. Scientific management of soil and crops under dry lands without irrigation is called dry land agriculture. The project coordinator added, “Dry land crops refer to all such crops which are drought resistant and can complete their life cycle without irrigation in areas receives an annual rainfall less than 750 mm.Drought is a condition of insufficient moisture supply to the plants under
Diesel pump repairing for lifting water
which they fail to develop and mature properly. If is caused by soil, atmosphere or both. Dry farming with low and precarious rainfall two types agricultures are usually met, one crop production on farming land other animal husbandry, including management of grazing areas. Dry farming is an improved system of cultivation in which maximum amount of moisture is conserved in low and untimely rainfall for the production of optimum Quantities of crop on economic and sustenance basis. Dry farming in short, is a programme of soil and water management designed to conserve the maximum quantity of water on a particular piece of land. Dry farming is the profitable production of useful crops without irrigation on land that receive annually a rainfall of 500 mm or less.  In a more specific way dry farming may be defined as an efficient system of soil and crop management in the regions of low land and uneven distributed rainfall”. -Govin

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