Saturday, October 12, 2013

Teaching children with intellectually challenged is a rewarding experience.


Play way training imparted by an expert in SEVAI School

“Teaching children with intellectually challenged is a rewarding experience’ enlightened by Vasanthi, a special educator of SEVAI Special School to the normal students teachers of SEVAI Schools.Vasanthi further said, “Each year several babies are born with some degree of mental retardation. The definitions of mental retardation are many. Most of them are correct definition because they cover some parts of the conditions, mental Deficiency; retardation is "a group of conditions which renders the individual unable to compete in ordinary society because of incomplete development." In easier terms this means that mental retardation is the result of an injury or disease of the brain that takes place before, during, or after birth. Pediatricians say that 90% of mental impairment occurs in the prenatal stage. Several persons have chosen to use less offensive terms such as mental disability or developmental disability in lieu of mental retardation. Genetic defects in endocrine functioning, blood incompatibilities, and virus type illnesses in pregnant woman are all suspected of contributing to mental disability. Injury at birth also can cause brain damage. An example of this can be when oxygen is cut off during the birth process. When this happens some of the brain cells are killed. If the brain cells that are killed are those that control intelligence, mental development will be incomplete. Postnatal causes of retardation will fall into one of these three groups: Acute illness, Traumatic events, Progressive Disorders
SEVAI School view
(not recognized at an early age).Any illness that is accompanied by a long lasting high fever can be a cause for brain damage. Severe head injuries and convulsions can also lead to brain damage. Mental impairment is a very broad category that includes people who fiction at several different levels of efficiency. This can mean that both intelligence and physical growth can be affected to some degree. There are several factors that contribute to the classification of an intellectually impaired person. Classifying should be done in Borderline such as Mild, Moderate, Severe and Profound. Mild would indicate an IQ in the 75 to 85 range. Moderate would be those in the 50 to 75 range. Severe would be IQ's from 0 to 50. The National Association for Retarded Children states that this should be the classification: Marginal dependent (educate), Semi-dependent (trainable) and Dependent (Nursing or custodial).The mentally handicapped can be identified by a set of mental, physical, social, and emotional characteristics. Each person does not have each characteristic. Each one will have some degree of learning problems. They will have poor language communication skills, physical handicaps, and illness, lack of motivation, limited experiences, and behavior problems.
The term mental retardation is considered a negative term by many disability advocates. Many prefer to use the term mental disability, intellectual disability, cognitive disability, or developmental disability rather than referring to mental retardation”. Govin


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